In the UK, several regulatory bodies can seize your car such as the police, the DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) or the VOSA (Vehicle and Operator Services Agency).
However, each authority can only act in specific cases. For example, amongst other reasons, the police and DVLA can impound your car if it's parked illegally on public property, or if it's untaxed. The Fines Enforcement Officers can also seize your car if you have unpaid fines.
On the other hand, VOSA can only act if they consider your car to be a danger on public roads. This usually happens with commercial vehicles which haven't passed the MOT (Ministry of Transportation) test which assesses roadworthiness levels, or when the driver has not paid the fines issued by VOSA.
According to UK Law, it can be seized if:
If you're pulled over by the police you should provide evidence of your car's insurance policy and your driver's licence. If you can't provide proof, the police will check their database and if they discover that your vehicle isn't insured, or that you don't hold a valid licence to drive that vehicle, they can seize it straight away and take it to the pound.
You'll also receive a 3708-notice relating to the seizure of your car if the police find out from camera footage that your car is not insured or is being driven without a licence.
The police can impound your car if they believe that you're driving carelessly and consider you to be a hazard on the public roads.
Although under Section 59 of the Police Reform Act 2002, the police can remove your vehicle from the road and seize it, the law also mentions that if it's your first violation, you should be given a warning and let go.
However, if you continue to drive dangerously after being given a warning, the police may immediately impound your car.
According to Section 99 of the Road Traffic Act 1984, the police can impound your car if you've abandoned it, illegally parked it or if your car is blocking a public road.
If your car is seized under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE), it means that it's a vital part of an ongoing investigation of theft or a different crime. You can only collect your car once the investigation is over and the police will cover any recovery and storage costs. The recovery officer will reach out to you when your car is ready to be picked up.
If you've received a 3708 notice relating to your car being impounded for suspicion of being driven without a valid driver's licence or insurance, you must reclaim it within 7 days of receiving the notice.
If you haven't reclaimed your car within 14 days, or haven't followed the right procedure, the pound can either scrap it or sell it off at an auction.
If your car was impounded for other reasons, then you'll receive a letter informing you about how and when you can collect it.
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